Biodiversity, genetics and functional genomics of grapevine: Research interest: studies on interactions between the grapevine genetic biodiversity and the environment (terroir). Identification of clone-specific genetic markers to improve the traceability of the grapevine propagation material, and the clonal identification. Genetic transformation of grapevine and model plants for functional studies. Characterization of plastic effects of somatic embryogenesis in grapevine. Molecular studies to identify markers, i.e. genes, transcripts and epigenetic modifications, responsible for different embryogenic aptitudes in different grapevine cultivars. Study of the physiological and molecular bases underlying grapevine-virus-fungal pathogen interactions.
Plant genetic biodiversity, from models to crop genetic adaptation to climate change: In living organisms, the process of adaptation to the environment involves the accumulation of random mutations in the DNA that can be fixed /selected in the population if they confer an evolutionary advantage. Genetic biodiversity, in natural or domesticated populations, constitutes a source of allelic variants "tested" naturally in the field of evolution, and are therefore an important resource for genetic improvement. More than 60% of adaptive mutations are associated with genes encoding transcription factors (TF), proteins that bind to specific DNA sequences to increase, decrease or modulate the level of gene expression in response to the environment and developmental signals. TF therefore constitute the main target genes on which the processes of adaptation of the genotype to the environment in wild populations and in domesticated species naturally act. We aim to develop innovative molecular technologies based on transcription factors to study the effects of natural genetic variability or domestication processes in model and crop species, and use this information to accelerate the breeding of new crop varieties with improved developmental adaptive traits, high water and nutrient use efficiency, and high resilience to environmental constraints for sustainable agriculture and food production.
NGS-based characterisation of wild and crop species.: Unraveling the genetic basis and molecular mechanisms underlying differentiation, development, and functioning of plant systems can support improvments of agrifood traits and characterisation of genetic resources.
Duckweed Biodiversity and Evolution: Evaluation of intra- and interspecific genetic difference in the family Lemnaceae. Biochemical and physiological characterization
Plant and microbial genetic biodiversity: Monitoring, epidemiology and containment of plant pathogens in natural environments ; Genetic improvement of tree species for resistance to pathogens; Study of the adaptation of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses.
Le participant a mis à jour cette valeur. Biodiversity of marine organisms: Le participant a mis à jour cette valeur. The Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR) of the National Research Council (CNR) of Italy carries out basic and applied research activities in biological, physical and chemical oceanography and in marine geology with the aim of contributing both to the study of oceanic processes and climate variability and to the development of systems / services for observation, protection and sustainable management of the marine environment and coasts.
Biodiversity, genetics and functional genomics of grapevine
Plant genetic biodiversity, from models to crop genetic adaptation to climate change
NGS-based characterisation of wild and crop species.
Duckweed Biodiversity and Evolution
Plant and microbial genetic biodiversity
Le participant a mis à jour cette valeur. Biodiversity of marine organisms
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