|Taxonomy||Quantity||Digitization levels (MIDS)||Areas and Countries||Level 0 %||Level 1 %||Level 2 %||Level 3 %|
TDWG Zone, Terrestrial: Africa,
TDWG Zone, Terrestrial: Europe,
Arthropods - insects (Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera)
The Diptera collection contains some 400,000 specimens of more than 7,000 species. Most of the specimens are pinned, but there also is a large alcohol collection, mostly Tipulidae and Limoniidae. The holdings include the following important specialist collections: Phoridae (H. Schmitz, E. Beyer, E. Baumann, H. Ulrich), Tipuloidea (B. Mannheims, H. Mendl), Blephariceridae (B. Mannheims, S. Kitakami), and Sciaridae (F. Lengersdorf — on a long term loan to F. Menzel from the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg). The ZFMK collection of Diptera also holds a large part of the material collected in Fujian (China) by J.F. Klapperich. Furthermore, the collection houses the largest fossil collection in amber dedicated to Dolichopodidae in the world (H. Ulrich). Besides the dried, pinned specimens, a rich and large collection in alcohol is housed at ZFMK, mostly for Tipulidae and Limoniidae (B. Mannheims). The Diptera collection is rich in type material with more than 1,320 types, from which 780 are holotype specimens. The Phoridae collection of Schmitz and Beyer contain 452 and 152 types respectively.
The Coleoptera collection of the Museum Koenig (ZFMK) comprises about 2.5 million specimens and includes a number of larger and smaller collections. Among the more important are the "Rhineland" collection (https://www.zfmk.de/en/research/collections/rheinlandsammlung) founded by F. Rüschkamp and extended by the AG Rheinischer Koleopterologen (Wagner 2007), the collection of myrmeco- and termitophile beetles of A. Reichensperger (or at least a part of it - although mentioned in Horn et al. (1990) that it was destroyed during World War II), and a part of the collection R. Oberthür, acquired by the Museum in 1956. Moreover, the collection has grown by expeditions of museum's staff, such as those of H. Roer, who was for long time (1963-1991) curator of Coleoptera (Schmitt 2003), and of J. Klapperich, employed as Coleoptera technician from 1935 to 1952 at the museum (Lucht 1988). Klapperich collected during this time much in Fujian (China) and other regions and after his membership to the institute the museum acquired still much of his material (e.g. from Afghanistan). Consequently, many other museums house material of Klapperich, e.g. the National Museum in Prague, the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest and the Staatliche Museum für Naturkunde, Karlsruhe. After Klapperich's death 1987 the rest of the material of Klapperich collection was bought by the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart (Schmitt 2007). In the recent years additional material has been accumulated from research projects in Eastern Africa mainly through the activities of T. Wagner. Recent accessions comprise material from South Africa, Arunachal Pradesh, and Laos (Scarabaeidae, Chrysomelidae).
Lepidoptera: ZFMK has about 2 million specimens of all butterfly and moths families (geographical focus: Palaearctic Region and Southeast Asia). The collection contains more than 2,000 primary types (holo-, lecto-, neotypes, many other species are represented by syntypes). Particularly worth mentioning are the following holdings: Collection Hermann Höne: about 500,000 specimens of all butterfly- and moth-families from China, Collection René Oberthür: about 160,000 specimens of many different butterfly- and moth-families (half of the material also of Chinese origin. Collection Eugen Wehrli: about 150,000 specimens of the moth-family Geometridae (Geometer Moths). Containing also material from the Höne-collection and parts of the historical collections Ch. Oberthür, A. Guenée and M. Boisduval, including a large number of type specimens. Collection Clas M. Naumann: about 100,000 specimens of Zygaenidae, most important and complete collection of the genus Zygaena, containing a large number of type specimens. Collection Sigbert Wagener: about 90,000 specimens of butterflies and moths, collected in Europe, N. Africa and Turkey. Containing all voucher specimens of the monumental book (in 3 vols) "Butterflies of Turkey" and many other publications. Collection Klaus Rose, Mainz: valuable collection of Palaearctic butterflies, including many types. This collection is still at the hands of Prof. K. Rose, for further studies. Collection Peter Kuhna, Wipperfürth: about 60,000 specimens of butterflies and moths, collected in Europe, N. Africa and Turkey, with a strong focus on the moth family Noctuidae (about half of the material) and on Turkey as a geographical focus. Containing a number of type specimens, based on own descriptions, and ~ 800 genitalia preparations. Collection Melchior Pass: more than 200 drawers containing tropical butterflies, hawk-moths (Sphingidae) and emperor moths (Saturniidae). Collection of the Cologne Zoo and Collection Matthias Forst: about 90,000 specimens of all lepidoptera families. Housed at the "Insectarium" of the Cologne Zoo for many years. Lepidoptera Collection of the "Fuhlrott-Museum" Wuppertal: around 30,000 specimens of many butterfly and moth families. Local Rhineland Collection of butterflies and moths: around 60,000 specimens from Bonn and surrounding regions, containing more than 1,000 species. Collection of material of the order Trichoptera (closely related to Lepidoptera): about 2,762 specimens (pinned or preserved in ethanol). The collection contains valuable type specimens, mainly from China.
The insect collections include also e.g. Heteroptera (21,000 specimens), Homoptera (10,000), Hymenoptera (70,000), Orthoptera (30,000), Phthiraptera (24,000) and Siphonaptera (4,000).
Size and Digitisation Fields