University of Tartu, Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden

Consortium name  
Estonian Consortium: Estonian Academy of Sciences
Institution (Original name) 
Tartu Ülikooli loodusmuuseum ja botaanikaaed
MAIN ADDRESS
Street 
Vanemuise 46
Postal code 
51014
City 
Tartu
POSTAL ADDRESS
Country 
Estonia
Phone 

(+372) 737 6076 (NHM)

(+372) 737 6180 (BG)

TYPE OF INSTITUTION
Type of institution 
Museum
Botanical Garden
University
LEGAL STATUS
Are you part of a larger entity / legal body? 
Yes
If yes, please specify  
University of Tartu
CETAF MEMBERSHIP
Category 
Full member
CETAF Official representative
Name, position, phone, e-mail, research field 

Urmas Kõljalg, director, taxonomy and biological informatics, +372 53412823, urmas.koljalg@ut.ee

Member of the Executive Committee? 
No
CETAF DEPUTY
Name, position, phone, e-mail, research field 

Kadri Põldmaa, researcher, taxonomy and molecular phylogeny, +372 7376173, kadri.poldmaa@ut.ee

Member of the Executive Committee? 
No
Director / legal representative of the institution (title, name, phone, e-mail, research field) 

Urmas Kõljalg, Phones: +372 737 6235, +372 5341 2823, E-mail: urmas.koljalg@ut.ee

Organigram 

University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden:

  • Botanical Garden
  • Geological museum
  • Zoological museum
  • Botanical and mycological museum
  • Department of exhibitions and environmental education
  • Research group for biological informatics and digital archives
PERSONNEL
Scientific staff 
Permanent (P)Non – Permanent (NP)
a) TOTAL scientific staff70
b) Scientific staff linked to Collections50
c) Post-docs / PhD students00
d) Others (Associates, etc.)00
TOTAL (a+b+c+d)120
Other staff (administration etc.) 
Permanent (P)Non – Permanent (NP)
e) Exhibitions 110
f) Collection Managers / technicians250
g) Others 40
TOTAL (e+f+g) 40
Total permanent staff 
52
Total non-permanent staff 
0
Grand total (permanent + non-permanent Staff) 
52
Male (%) 
45
Female (%) 
55
Total (permanent and non-permanent staff + externalized personnel)  
62
Any other information concerning the staff 

According to the university internal rules PhD students are enrolled in the institutes. Even when museum staff is supervising students.

R&D facilities
How many laboratories are in use in your institution? 
3
List of laboratories 
  1. Sterile laboratory for fungal culture collections (cultivation, etc.) shared with Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu.
  2. Molecular lab is used and developed together with the Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu
  3. Biological informatics lab (includes three major servers with storage system which serve as a digital archive in national and international level, part of the major Estonian research infrastructure NATARC (http://natarc.ut.ee ).
Exhibitions
Number of permanent exhibitions 
2
List of permanent exhibitions  
Name 
Earth Life Story
Name 
Botanic Garden
Number of recent exhibitions 
3
Recent Temporary Exhibitions (< 2 years) 
Name 
"Our Baltic Sea"
Name 
"The wild boar"
Name 
"Sounds and nature"
Number of current exhibitions 
1
Current Temporary Exhibitions 
Name 
"The Wild Boar"
Number of future exhibitions 
1
RESEARCH FIELDS
RESEARCH FIELD 
Research Field 
Botanical garden
Summary of your Research programme 

Work with local endangered species, work with locally bred ornamentals (national program). The Botanical Garden of the University of Tartu has, since 2002, actively participated in Estonian National Programme “Collection and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture”, financed by the Ministry of Agriculture of Estonia. The main tasks of the Botanical Garden within the activities of the conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture is to find out, collect and conserve local cultivars of ornamentals and the species of medical and aromatic plants.

Research Field 
Botanical and Mycological Museum
Summary of your Research programme 

Taxonomy and systematics of plants, animals and fungi, their ecology, distribution and protection in Estonia and globally. Preserving and managing specimens, fruit bodies and living cultures collected from Estonia and worldwide. Developing an online, open data platform of biodiversity data management services and analytical tools. 

Research Field 
Biological informatics
Summary of your Research programme 

Developing digital repositories for the biological and associated data. Major product is PlutoF cloud system (http://plutof.ut.ee) which provides free online service for the managing, sharing and publishing biological databases. Currently it has more than 1700 users from more than 40 countries.

Scientific publications
Number of peer-reviewed publications per year 
35
EARTH SCIENCES (Geology, Mineralogy, Palaeontology,…) 
TypologyPrimary typesIndividual specimens/objects% registered cards% recorded cards in database
1.1Palaeontology6518800036
1.2Mineralogy2000056
1.3Geology1700059
LIFE SCIENCES (Zoology, Biology, Botany, Mycology,…) 
TypologyPrimary typesIndividual specimens/objects% registered cards % recorded cards in database
2.1Botany5129656619
2.2Mycology10110000075
2.3Zoology20026271575
Total specimens (all collections) 
784,281
Does your institution have an Index Seminum? 
Heritage sciences (art, manuscripts, maps, photographs...) 

Collection of drawings (<100) and fungal models (>100) made by Nikolai Witkowsky at the beginning of 20th century (Botanical and Mycological Museum).

Other information regarding heritage collections 

Geological Museum: ~ 6000 glass negatives from 1920-1944, ~2000 photos from the same time.

Size and importance of living collections 

The size of Botanical Garden collection is 10 001 species and cultivars (60% of them species, 40% cultivars) in 20 distinct departments (4 of them different greenhouses + nursery). Botanical and Mycological Museum: Collection of fungal cultures (>1800 cultures).

Genetic Repositories
Does your institution have a DNA bank? 
No
Does your institution have a seed bank? 
Yes
Number of seed samples 
5 510
Number of organisms / species 
1 500
DNA or seed sample exchange 

No

COLLECTION’S RELATED INFORMATION
Number of outgoing loans (parcels / specimens) per year 
From botanical and mycological collections around 10 loans are sent out during a year. From Botanical Garden 3535 packages/717 taxons.
Number of accessions (specimens) per year 
Zoological Museum: 1000-20 000
Number of scientific visitors per year 
110
MAIN AREAS OF TAXONOMIC EXPERTISE 
Botany (vascular plants, bryophytes and from Algae fam. Desmidales).
Mycology, incl. lichenized fungi (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota: ectomycorrhizal, lichenized and lichenicolous fungi in wide sense; taxonomical expertise of the orders Helotiales and Thelephorales, genera Hypomyces & allies, Cystoderma & allies, Cortinarius)
Zoological Museum: Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Rodentia.
COMMUNICATION MATERIAL
Logo 
Contact person at your institution for communications / press / external relations (name, position, phone, e-mail) 

CETAF communication: Urmas Kõljalg, +372 53412823, urmas.koljalg@ut.ee Press: Kaja Karo +372 5053468, kaja.karo@ut.ee

Visitors
Last year:  
210 000
Trends (past and future) 

Natural History Museum: 85 000

Botanical Garden: 125 000 (12 800 with tickets)

Website visitors
Last year  
1 500 000
Institution news
If your institution is involved with non-university-based teaching or education programmes, please describe them & the partners 

Both the NHM and BG have non-formal educational study programmes for children, youth and adult age groups (in total about 40 programmes) with topics ranging from the development of Earth to practical gardening and pets. Main study fields include biodiversity, geology, zoology and ecology. In addition various workshops, semianrs and fields trips for the general publics or schools are regularly organized. Partners include local and national environment educational centres, universities, schools and NGOs.

If your institution is involved with universities in teaching or education programmes, please name and describe them 

Besides coordinating several doctoral studies on University of Tartu students, NHM is organizing study and post-conference programmes for UT and its institutes events and visiting groups.

Other relevant information on education and / or training carried out 

Environmental educational programs for schools (http://www.natmuseum.ut.ee/et/content/%C3%B5ppeprogrammid).

Contact person at your institution for education / teaching / training (name, position, phone, e-mail) 

Reet Mägi, Phone: +372 737 6073, +372 504 0826, E-mail: reet.magi@ut.ee

THREE MAIN TOPICS OF CURRENT INTEREST FOR YOUR INSTITUTION 

Systematic research

 

DNA barcoding

Biological informatics

THREE MAIN TOPICS OF FUTURE INTEREST FOR YOUR INSTITUTION 

DNA barcoding of fungi, incl. lichenized fungi (partly started)

Digital repositories of biological data

Curation and management of collections (DissCo partnership)

Last update 
12.21.16